Children´s dreams content analysis
In the Czech Republic there is no research dedicated to children's dreams. It is, however, a very interesting area, as well as dreams of adults. Our study is focused on dreams of primary school children. We use the method of semi-structured interview aimed at dream recall of primary school children. Surveyed sample consists of 35 children between six and eight years of age from an elementary school in the Czech Republic. To process the data we use the coding system of the dream content analysis developed by psychologists Calvin S. Hall and Robert Van de Castle. Particular attention is paid to formal properties of dreams such as types of characters, social interactions, activities and emotions. Other research topics are children's ability of dream recall and subjective frequency of their dreams. We are interested in children’s attitudes to their dreams and connections of their contents to experiences from previous day, children's hobbies, common activities or their problems. The results of our research will be compared with similar investigations from foreign countries. The media's influence on children's dreams is also discussed.
(Fulltext in Czech)
Keywordsdreaming, primary school children, dream recall, content analysis
Cohen, D. B. (1973). A comparison of genetic and social contributions to dream recall frequency. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 82(2), 368–371.
Colace, C. (2006). Children's dreaming: A study based on questionnaires completed by parents. Sleep and Hypnosis, 8(1), 19–32. Dostupné na WWW: http://www.sleepandhypnosis.org/pdf/8_1_4.pdf
Domhoff, G. W. (1996). Finding meaning in dreams: A quantitative approach. New York, London: Plenum Press.
Domhoff, G. W. (2011). Dreams are embodied simulations that dramatize conceptions and concerns: The continuity hypothesis in empirical, theoretical, and historical context. International Journal of Dream Research, 4(2), 50–62. Dostupné na WWW: http://archiv.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/…le/view/9137
Erikson, E. H. (2002). Dětství a společnost. Praha: Argo.
Foulkes, D. (1999). Children's dreaming and the development of consciousness. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Freud, S. (1994). Výklad snů. Pelhřimov: Nová tiskárna.
Gedda, L., & Brenci, G. (1979). Sleep and dream characteristics in twins. Acta Geneticae Medicae et Gemellologiae, 28(3), 237–239.
Langmeier J., & Krejčířová, D. (2006). Vývojová psychologie. Praha: Grada Publishing.
Muris, P., Merckelbach, H., Gadet, B., & Moulaert, V. (2000). Fears, worries, and scary dreams in 4– to 12-year-old children: Their content, developmental pattern, and origins. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 29(1), 43–52.
Schredl, M., & Sartorius, H. (2006). Frequency of dream recall by children and their mothers. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 103(3), 657–658.
Schredl, M., & Reinhard, I. (2008). Gender differences in dream recall: a meta-analysis. Journal of Sleep Research, 17(2), 125–131. dostupné na WWW: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/…00626.x/full
Weber, R. P. (1990). Basic content analysis. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.