Academic performance in children and adolescents with overweight and obese
The rise of obesity in recent years has led to a number of studies about relationship between weight in childhood and the reached level of education, income and other socio-economic aspects in adulthood. This article follows previous researches which were focused mostly on the academic success of children and adolescents with overweight and obesity. These researches aimed for the socio-economic, psychosocial and health analysis of causes and consequences of school success rate within this part of population. The aim of this article is to compare and summarize the outputs of these studies. The introductory part brings information about current occurrence of overweight in children and adults population in the world and in our country. The epidemic of overweight and obesity and its movement to a lower age is connected with greater risks for health and associated developmental complications for current and future generations, therefore this is not a marginal issue. The academic success of children and adolescents with overweight and obesity cannot be studied without the knowledge of factors, which are significant for the development of children obesity. Findings about common and final form of socioeconomic and educational results within the population with overweight and obesity are themselves the explanation of why it is important to address the outputs of similarly focused researches form previous developmental periods. The final summary is supplemented by suggested topics, which should be used in thematically following studies.
(Fulltext in Czech)
Keywordsacademic performance, children, adolescent, overweight, obesity, socioeconomic status
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