Imaginative abilities and creativity
The article focuses on theoretical context of the relationship between imaginative abilities and creativity. The existence of such a relationship has been alleged by many authors; however, empirical surveys have not yet arrived at unambiguous conclusions. Despite growing number of both experts and surveys in this field, the findings do not show expected integration of information into a comprehensive overview. The paper brings in results of the surveys aimed at detecting variables which influence phenomena of imagination and creativity. In dealing with the topic of their mutual relationship, the paper attemps to find connecting links which would convey this relationship. The issue of relation of imagination and creativity to hemisphere activity is also discussed.
The author adverts to two standpoints accepted within empirical research. The first one focuses on individual differences and concentrates on hypothetical relation between proband´s statement about mental imagination and measurement of divergent thinking. This approach has a long history and prevails in the study area. Second approach focuses on imagery process and tries to catch the creative impulse. Measurement analyses are based primarily on the premise that individual differences in mental imagery, detected by the method of self-reported mental imagery, correlate with subtests of divergent thinking; the second premise states that closer relations appear when interceding variables (e.g. intelligence, cognitive style) are taken into account.
(Fulltext in Czech)
Keywordsmental imagery, imagination, creativity
Anderson, R. E., & Helstrup, T. (1993). Visual discovery in mind and on paper. Memory and Cognition, 21, 283 - 293.
Campos, A., & González, M. A. (1993). Vividness of imagery and creativity. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 77, 923 – 928.
Campos, A., & González, M. A. (1995). Effects of mental imagery on creative perception. Journal of Mental Imagery, 19, 67 – 76.
Campos, A., & Pérez, M. M. (1989). High and low imagers and their scores on creativity. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 68, 403 – 406.
Dacey, J. S., & Lennon, K. H. (2000). Kreativita: souhra biologických, psychologických a sociálních faktorů. Praha: Grada Publishing.
Durnell, A. J., & Weherick, N.E. (1976). The relations of reported imagery to cognitive performance. British Journal of Psychology, 67, 501 – 506.
Einstein, A. (1961). Jak vidím svět. Praha: Československý spisovatel.
Ernst, C. H. (1976). Verbal and nonverbal processing systems in high and low imagers: A study of system differentiation. Unpublished manuscript.
Finke, R. A. (1996). Imagery, creativity, and emergent structure. Consciousness and Cognition, 381 – 393.
Finke, R. (1997). Mental imagery and visual creativity. In M. A. Runco (Ed.), The creativity research handbook, (Vol. 1). Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.
Finke, R. A., & Slayton, K. (1988). Explorations of creative visual synthesis in mental imagery. Memory and Cognition, 16, 252 – 257.
Forisha, B. L. (1978a). Mental imagery and creativity: Review and speculations. Journal of Mental Imagery, 2, 209 – 238.
Forisha, B. L. (1978b). Mental imagery and creativity in men and women. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 47, 1255 – 1264.
Forisha, B. L. (1981). Patterns of creativity and mental imagery in men and women. Journal of Mental Imagery, 5, 85 – 96.
Forisha, B. L. (1983). Relationship between creativity and mental imagery: A question of cognitive style. In A. A. Sheikh (Ed.), Imagery: Current Theory, Research, and Application (pp. 310 – 339). New York: J. Wiley & Sons.
González, M. A., Campos, A., & Pérez, M. M. (1997). Mental imagery and creative thinking. The Journal of Psychology, 131, 357 – 364.
Khatena, J. (1975a). Relationship of autonomous imagery and creative self-perceptions. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 40, 357 – 358.
Khatena, J. (1975b). Vividness of imagery and creative self-perceptions. Gifted Child Quarterly, 19, 33 – 37.
Khatena, J. (1978). Frontiers of creative imagination imagery. Journal of Mental Imagery, 2, 33 – 46.
LeBoutillier, N., & Marks, D. (2003). Mental imagery and creativity: A meta-analytic review study. British Journal of Psychology, 94, 29 – 44.
Loverock, D., & Modigliani, V. (1995). Visual imagery and the brain: A review. Journal of Mental Imagery, 19 (1–2), 91–132.
Malina, J., et al. (Eds.). (1993). O tvořivosti, vědě, politice a umění. Sv. I. – III. Boskovice: Albert.
Martindale, C. (1989). Personality, situation and creativity. In J. A. Glover, R. R. Ronning, C. R. Reynolds (Eds.), Handbook of creativity (pp. 211 – 232). New York: Plenum Press.
Paivio, A. (1971). Imagery and verbal processes. Oxford: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
Parrot, C. A., & Strongman, K. T. (1985). Utilization of visual imagery in creative performance. Journal of Mental Imagery, 9, 53 – 66.
Rhodos, J. W. (1981). Relationship between vividness of mental imagery and creative thinking. Journal of Creative Behavior, 15, 90 – 98.
Richardson, A. (1969). Mental imagery. New York: Springer.
Samuels, M., & Samuels, N. (1975). Creativity. In M. Samuels (Ed.), Seeing with the Mind‘s Eye (pp. 239 – 264). New York: The Bookworks.
Schmeidler, G. R. (1965). Visual imagery correlated to a measure of creativity. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 29, 78 – 80.
Shaw, G. A, & Belmore, S. B. (1982 – 83). The relationships between imagery and creativity. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 2, 115 – 123.
Shaw, G. A, & DeMers, S. T. (1986). The relationship of imagery to originality, flexibility and fluency in creative thinking. Journal of Mental Imagery, 10, 65 – 74. Szobiová, E. (2004). Tvorivosť: od záhady k poznaniu. Bratislava: Stimul.