Predictors of Body Image Dissatisfaction and Depression in Adolescence
An interest of body as a psychological phenomenon is growing. Body perception
and body satisfaction is one of important factors of self-conception and
self-esteem. A discrepancy between the real and ideal body can cause
pathological eating patterns, excessive exercises or even depression. The first
part of the study summarizes some of the existing knowledge regarding
individual, socio-cultural, and family related factors contributing on body
image dissatisfaction. Especially, the results dealing with psychological
factors, personality factors, the role of gender, gender role identification,
the influence of peers, media, and family are discussed.
The second part of the study focuses on the relationship between body image dissatisfaction and prevalence of depressive symptoms in adolescence. Gender intensification theory, Hankin’s conceptual models involving stressors as an explanation for the sex difference in depression: the mediational – stress exposure model and moderational – stress reactivity model, the conception of Nolen-Hoeksama and Girgus, and the magnitude of the emotional bond between parents and kids as an important buffer enabling the positive perception of body are mentioned.
(Fulltext in Czech)
Keywordsbody image, body image dissatisfaction, depressivity, adolescence, gender
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