Predictors of Body Image Dissatisfaction and Depression in Adolescence

Martina Rašticová


An interest of body as a psychological phenomenon is growing. Body perception and body satisfaction is one of important factors of self-conception and self-esteem. A discrepancy between the real and ideal body can cause pathological eating patterns, excessive exercises or even depression. The first part of the study summarizes some of the existing knowledge regarding individual, socio-cultural, and family related factors contributing on body image dissatisfaction. Especially, the results dealing with psychological factors, personality factors, the role of gender, gender role identification, the influence of peers, media, and family are discussed.
The second part of the study focuses on the relationship between body image dissatisfaction and prevalence of depressive symptoms in adolescence. Gender intensification theory, Hankin’s conceptual models involving stressors as an explanation for the sex difference in depression: the mediational – stress exposure model and moderational – stress reactivity model, the conception of Nolen-Hoeksama and Girgus, and the magnitude of the emotional bond between parents and kids as an important buffer enabling the positive perception of body are mentioned.

(Fulltext in Czech)


body image, body image dissatisfaction, depressivity, adolescence, gender


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