Perception of Face in Early Childhood

Vladimír Blažek


Newborn babies prefer a face or its scheme over other objects. The innate, so called three-point scheme is generally presupposed for face identification. The development of perception is very fast as demonstrated by more positive reactions to familiar faces, especially to mother´s face. There are several models to describe developments of face identification. Categorization can be considered a basic aspect of the development of cognitive processes. For example, distinguishing gender is not simply given or innate, it originate gradually and differentially: a child learns to recognize mother´s face as a prototype of female face and only from the category of female face can differentiate the category of male face. The ability to distinguish faces of different populations (so called other-race effect) and other facial attributes (attractiveness, mimic expressions etc.) develops in a similar way.

(Fulltext in Czech)


early ontogenesis, face perception


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