Emocionálna a sociálna inteligencia vo vzťahu k zvládaniu v ranej adolescencii

František Baumgartner, Zuzana Zacharová

Abstrakt

Príspevok prezentuje výsledky výskumu týkajúceho sa vzťahu emocionálnej inteligencie (EI) a sociálnej inteligencie (SI) k zvládaniu záťaže. EI sme zisťovali jednak ako schopnosť (SIT-EMO) a jednak ako osobnostnú črtu (TEIQ-ASF). Chápaním príbuzná sociálna inteligencia bola zisťovaná TSIS. Copingové stratégie boli merané dotazníkom CCSC. Výskumnú vzorku tvorilo 104 detí v období ranej adolescencie. Výsledky poukázali na niektoré signifikantné vzťahy emocionálnej inteligencie a copingových stratégií. Prejavila sa špecifickosť dvoch konštruktov EI.

Klíčová slova

emoční inteligence, zvládání, raná adolescence

Literatura

Ayers, T.S., Sandler, I.N., West, S.G. & Roosa, M.W. (1996). A dispositional and situational assessment of children's coping: Testing alternative models of coping. Journal of Personality, 64, 923–958.

Bar-On, R. (1997). The Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i): Technical manual. Toronto, Canada: Multi-Health Systems, Inc.

Bar-On, R. (2006). The Bar-On model of emotional-social intelligence (ESI). Psicothema, 18, supl., 13–25.

Baumgartner, F., & Ištvániková, L. (2008). K tematike vzťahu sociálnej a emocionálnej inteligencie. Človek a spoločnosť [online]. 11(1) [cit. 2008–05–03]. Dostupný z WWW: <http://www.saske.sk/…8/index.html>.

Baumgartner, F., & Vasiľová, K. (2006). K problematike merania sociálnej inteligencie. In Blatný, M., Vobořil, D., Květon, P., Jelínek, M., Sobotková, V. (Eds.), Sociální procesy a osobnost 2005 (8–16). Brno: Psychologický ústav AV ČR.

Bracket, M.A., & Geher, G. (2006). Measuring emotional intelligence: Paradigmatic diversity and common ground. In Geher, G. ( Ed.), Measuring emotional intelligence: Common ground and controversy (1–17). Hauppage: Nova Science.

Bracket, M.A., & Rivers, S.E. (2006). Relating emotional abilities to social functioning: A comparison of self-report and performance measures of emotional intelligence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 4, 780–795.

Brackett, M.A., & Mayer, J.D. (2003). Convergent, discriminant, and incremental validity of competing measures of emotional intelligence. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 1147–1158.

Brackett, M.A., Mayer,J.D., & Warner, R. (2004). Emotional intelligence and its relation to everyday behaviour. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 1387–1402.

Campbell,A., & Ntobedzi, A. (2007). Emotional intelligence, coping and psychological distress: a partial least squares approach to developing a predictive model. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 3, 2, 39–54.

Ciarrochi, J., Chan, A., & Bajgar, J. (2001). Measuring emotional intelligence in adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 31, 1105–1119.

Donaldson, D., Prinstein, M., Danovsky, M., & Spirito, A. (2000). Patterns of children´s coping with life stress: Implications for clinicians. American Journal of Ortopsychiatry, 70, 351–359.

Gardner, H. (1993). Multiple intelligences: The theory in practice. New York: Basic Books.

Gohm, C. L., Corser, G. C., & Dalsky, D. J. (2005). Emotional intelligence under stress:useful, unnecessary, or irrelevant? Personality and Individual Differences, 39,1017–1028.

Goleman, D. (1997). Emoční inteligence. Praha. Columbus.

Hampel, P., & Petermann,F. (2005). Age and gender effects on coping in children and adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34, 2, 73–83.

Hampel,P. (2007). Brief report: Coping among Austrian children and adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 30,885–890.

Hampel,P., Petermann,F.(2006). Perceived stress, coping, and adjustment in adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 38,409–415.

Hanžlová, M., & Macek, P. (2008). Zvládací strategie a styly dospívajících. Psychológia a patopsychológia dieťaťa, 43, 1, 3–22.

Kohoutek, T., Mareš, J., & Ježek, S. (2005). Otázky vztahu stylu zvládání zátěže mladšími adolescenty a jejich sociální pozice ve školní třídě. In Blatný, M., Vobořil, D., Květon, P., Jelínek, M., & Sobotková, V. (Eds.): Sociální procesy a osobnost 2005 (185 –197). Brno: Psychologický ústav AV ČR.

Lyusin, D. V. (2004). Sovremennyje predstavlenja ob emocionaljnom intelekte. In Lyusin, D. V., Ušakov, M. (Eds.), Socialjnyj intellekt: Teorija, izmerenie, issledovanija (29–36). Moskva: Institut psychologii RAN.

MacCann, C., & Roberts, R.D. (2008). New paradigms for assessing emotional intelligence: Theory and data. Emotion, 4, 540–551.

Macek, P. (2003). Adolescence. Praha: Portál.

Mavroveli,S., Petrides, K.V., Rieffe,C., & Bakker,F. (2007). Trait emotional intelligence, psychological well-being and peer-rated social competence in adolescence. British Journal of Developmental Psychology , 25, 263–275.

Mayer, J. D., Salovey, P., & Caruso, D. R. (2000). Emotional intelligence as zeitgeist, as personality, and as a mental ability. In Bar-on, R., & Parker, J. D.A. (Eds), The Handbook of Emotional Intelligence (92–117). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, A Wiley Imprint.

Mayer, J.D., & Salovey, P. (1997). What is emotional intelligence? In P. Salovey & D. Sluyter (Eds.), Emotional development and emotional intelligence: Implications for educators (3–31). Basic Books. New York.

Mayer, J.D., Caruso, D.R., & Salovey, P. (1999). Emotional intelligence meets traditional standards for an intelligence. Intelligence, 27, 267–298.

Mayer, J.D., Caruso, D.R., & Salovey, P. (2004). Emotional intelligence: Theory, findings, and implications. Psychological Inquiry, 15, 197–215.

Petrides, K. V., Frederickson, N., & Furnham, A. (2004). The role of trait emotional intelligence in academic performance and deviant behavior at school. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 277–293.

Petrides, K.V., & Furnham, A. (2001). Trait emotional intelligence: Psychometric investigation with reference to established trait taxonomies. European Journal of Personality, 15, 425–448.

Petrides, K. V., Pérez-González, J. C., & Furnham, A. (2007). On the criterion and incremental validity of trait emotional intelligence. Cognition and Emotion, 21, 26–55.

Říčan, P. (1971). Test intelektového potenciálu (T.I.P.). Bratislava: Psychodiagnostické a didaktické testy.

Roberts, R.D., Zeidner, M. & Matthews, G. (2001). Does emotional intelligence meet traditional standards for an intelligence? Some new data and conclusions. Emotion, 1, 196–231.

Rossman,B.B.R. (1992). School-age children´s per­spective of coping with distress: Strategies for emotional regulation nd the moderation of adjustment. J.Child Psychol.Psychiat, 33, 1373–1397.

Saklofske, D. H., Austin, E. J., Galloway, J., & Davidson, K. (2007). Individual difference correlates of health-related behaviours: preliminary evidence for links between emotional intelligence and coping. Personality and Individual Differences, 42, 491–502.

Salovey, P., & Mayer, J.D. (1990). Emotional intelligence. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 9, 185–211.

Silvera, D. H., Martinussen, M., & Dahl, T. I. (2001). The Tromsø Social Intelligence Scale, a self-report measure of social intelligence. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 42, 313–319.

StatSoft, Inc. (2009). STATISTICA (data analysis software system), version 9.0. www.statsoft.com.

Stuchlíková, I. (2002). Základy psychologie emocí. Praha: Portál.

Swiatek, M. (1995). An empirical investigation of the social coping strategies used by gifted adolescents. Gifted Child Qurterly, 39, 154–61.

Swiatek, M. (2001). Social coping among gifted high school students and its relationship to self-concept. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 30, 19–39.

Thorndike, E.L. (1920). Intelligence and it´s uses. Harper´s Magazine, 140, 227–235. Toronto, Canada: Multi-Health Systems, Inc.

Vágnerová, M. (2000). Vývojová psychologie. Praha: Portál.

Williams, C. D., Burnside, E. & Hammond-Rowley, S. (2009). Measuring emotional intelligence in preadolescence. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 4, 316–320.

Zobrazit celé Skrýt