Poor readers in the context of reading comprehension – an overview study

Pavla Presslerová, Kristýna Rusnáková


The ability to read well affects the results in other areas of life such as the educational and career opportunities and also extends into personality of a man including his self-esteem. Many current empirical studies claim that about a fifth to a quarter of pupils have reading problems, exactly with the level of literacy. At the same time only a part of these students are diagnosed with specific learning disabilities or specific disorders of speech and language, which would explain their difficulties. In the foreign literature is the phenomenon of poor readers is being paid adequate attention, both in terms of research as well as in the creation of specific teaching and counseling programs for targeted intervention. In the Czech context, the issue is still very marginalized. The term „poor readers“ habitually includes all the readers who have difficulties with the technique of reading (decoding) and / or comprehension of the text. In our approach we emphasize the particular level of understanding which develops on the basis of the child's internal layout and external influences. We are inspired by the simple view of reading (Gough, Tunmer, 1986). This overview study aims to critically analyze the phenomenon of poor readers on the basis of individual subgroups to illustrate the characteristics of poor readers, differentiate and categorize them. By the comparison of the relevant research and the investigation design we want to shift the current perception of poor readers and propose a model of identification and diagnosis, which could be inspiring for the school counseling system.

(Fulltext in Czech)


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